Resources from the Windsor Essex Child/Youth Advocacy Centre

WECYAC Children Sexual Behaviours

The sexual behaviour of children/youth develops over time. Like other areas of growth, children’s ideas and behaviours regarding sexuality develop and typically follow a specific course. However, there are behaviours at certain junctures that can be worrisome, and some that warrant the need to seek professional help. This overview provides a description of sexual behaviours that are typical of specific age-groups of children/youth, explains those behaviours that are worrisome, and describes behaviours that may require professional help.

WECYAC Cultural Competence Training by Paul Przytocki

A Presentation for Servicing Diverse Populations

Building Awareness Among Service Providers

Recommendations for Service Providers on how to Practice Cultural Competence

  • Any practice that is harmful to children/youth should never be justified in the name of culture and/or religion.
  • Service providers act as educators for parents who engage in certain child-rearing practices, and do so in a respectful way so as to not further disempower these groups.
  • Subjectivity in assessments should be practiced and valued in order to better service diverse families.
  • Service providers should not be fearful of discussions on culture and racism; but by acknowledging these they can actually facilitate a more efficient and harmonious outcome by working WITH the families.
  • Many groups come from collectivist cultures, that value strong family and community cohesion and the inclusion of the community and extended family in child-rearing. These should be considered strengths that service providers emphasize when working with these groups.
  • Use cultural information to understand the client group, and not to negatively stereotype them.
  • Involve all members of family (even extended if necessary).
  • Emphasize that all matters are confidential and precautions will be taken to ensure the matter in question will remain private.
  • It is important to understand how acculturation affects migrant groups coupled with culture.
  • Service providers should attempt to distribute information in the first language of the populations they serve.
  • Must determine ‘how much’ culture should be considered in addressing child abuse issues.
  • The five most common risk factors for child abuse are: domestic violence, alcohol and substance use, mental health issues in caregiver, housing issues, and financial issues. THESE AFFECT ALL CULTURES!
  • Cultural Competency is an on-going skill that is a lifelong journey and requires:
    • Non-racist attitudes.
    • Willingness for self-reflection.
    • Having culture awareness/knowledge.
    • Having a sense of efficacy to work in culturally diverse communities.
    • Empathy and understanding of others.
    • Respectful engagement, expressed interest, efficient/responsive practice, regular contact, and the provision of support and information.
    • Having face-to-face time to engage with families.

Recommendations adapted from Sawriker’s (2017) book Working with Ethnic Minorities and Across Cultures in Western Child Protection Systems.

Understanding Cultural Competence for Service Providers Servicing Diverse Populations

Cultural Competence: Manual for Servicing Diverse Populations

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