Resources from the Windsor Essex Child/Youth Advocacy Centre
WECYAC Children Sexual Behaviours
The sexual behaviour of children/youth develops over time. Like other areas of growth, children’s ideas and behaviours regarding sexuality develop and typically follow a specific course. However, there are behaviours at certain junctures that can be worrisome, and some that warrant the need to seek professional help. This overview provides a description of sexual behaviours that are typical of specific age-groups of children/youth, explains those behaviours that are worrisome, and describes behaviours that may require professional help.
WECYAC Cultural Competence Training by Paul Przytocki
A Presentation for Servicing Diverse Populations
Building Awareness Among Service Providers
Recommendations for Service Providers on how to Practice Cultural Competence
- Any practice that is harmful to children/youth should never be justified in the name of culture and/or religion.
- Service providers act as educators for parents who engage in certain child-rearing practices, and do so in a respectful way so as to not further disempower these groups.
- Subjectivity in assessments should be practiced and valued in order to better service diverse families.
- Service providers should not be fearful of discussions on culture and racism; but by acknowledging these they can actually facilitate a more efficient and harmonious outcome by working WITH the families.
- Many groups come from collectivist cultures, that value strong family and community cohesion and the inclusion of the community and extended family in child-rearing. These should be considered strengths that service providers emphasize when working with these groups.
- Use cultural information to understand the client group, and not to negatively stereotype them.
- Involve all members of family (even extended if necessary).
- Emphasize that all matters are confidential and precautions will be taken to ensure the matter in question will remain private.
- It is important to understand how acculturation affects migrant groups coupled with culture.
- Service providers should attempt to distribute information in the first language of the populations they serve.
- Must determine ‘how much’ culture should be considered in addressing child abuse issues.
- The five most common risk factors for child abuse are: domestic violence, alcohol and substance use, mental health issues in caregiver, housing issues, and financial issues. THESE AFFECT ALL CULTURES!
- Cultural Competency is an on-going skill that is a lifelong journey and requires:
- Non-racist attitudes.
- Willingness for self-reflection.
- Having culture awareness/knowledge.
- Having a sense of efficacy to work in culturally diverse communities.
- Empathy and understanding of others.
- Respectful engagement, expressed interest, efficient/responsive practice, regular contact, and the provision of support and information.
- Having face-to-face time to engage with families.
Recommendations adapted from Sawriker’s (2017) book Working with Ethnic Minorities and Across Cultures in Western Child Protection Systems.